Root canal treatment is a part of the restoration dentistry. Root Canal treatment involves the removal of the diseased pulp tissue from the interior of tooth/teeth. The interior part of the tooth is hollowed and cleansed carefully and the roots are filed with flexible nickel titanium files.
Tooth consists of 3 main components: a hard protective shell (enamel), a softer and sensitive middle layer (dentin) and a soft tissue inner layer (dental pulp). Dental pulp is composed of nerve tissue, lymph tissue and blood vessels, and is considered as the most important part of a tooth.
Dental pulp gets damaged due to oral bacteria or due to dental fracture. In such cases, the pulp gets affected badly and root canal therapy is suggested by dentists.
Root canal procedure involves tooth disinfection and the removal of all debris (nerve tissue, lymph tissue, blood tissue, bacteria and infection) from the pulp chamber and its associated canals. After cleaning the affected tooth's canals, it is filled with materials designed to prevent pain and infection.
The tooth is anesthetized before the treatment to prevent pain. The dentist also prescribes antibiotics during the treatment.
It is important to consult a skilled dentist for root canal therapies as the pain may aggravate if the medical treatment is not carried out perfectly.
Root canal treatment involves the use of a drill to access the pulp chamber and the different canals of the tooth. A flexible nickel titanium pin-like file is used to cleanse the length of the canals and tip (or apex) of the root to completely remove all traces of infection or debris. This treatment is carried out by the dentist with excessive care. The dentist then fills the canal with a temporary or permanent filling.